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viernes, 8 de diciembre de 2017

Tabla de Medicamentos Antirretrovirales (A.R.V.'s) contra el VIH

SER+POSITIVO




HIV Drug Chart

Single-Tablet Regimens

DRUG ADULT DOSING / DOSING INFO

Atripla (efavirenz + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 600mg efavirenz + 300mg
tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200mg emtricitabine.
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take on an empty stomach. Dose
should be taken at bedtime to minimize dizziness, drowsiness and impaired concentration.

Complera (rilpivirine + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
Each tablet contains 25 mg rilpivirine + 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200 mg emtricitabine.
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with a meal.

Genvoya (elvitegravir + tenofovir alafenamide + emtricitabine + cobicistat)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 150 mg elvitegravir, 150 mg cobicistat, 10 mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine.
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with food.

Juluca (dolutegravir + rilpivirine)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 50mg dolutegravir + 25mg rilpivirine. Juluca must be taken with a meal (with breakfast or dinner, for example).
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. It must be taken with a meal.

Odefsey (rilpivirine + emtricitabine + tenofovir alafenamide )
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 25 mg rilpivirine + 200mg emtricitabine + 25mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate.
Take with a meal.

Stribild (elvitegravir + cobicistat + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 150 mg elvitegravir, 150 mg cobicistat, 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine.
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with food. 

Triumeq (dolutegravir + abacavir + lamivudine)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 50 mg dolutegravir, 600 mg abacavir, and 300 mg lamivudine.
Triumeq alone is not recommended for people with known HIV resistance to abacavir, lamivudine or any of the approved integrase inhibitors.
This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who have
tested negative for HLA-B*5701
(see below).

Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
(NRTIs)


Combivir (zidovudine + lamivudine)
One tablet twice a day. Each Tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine.
Take with or without food, however taking with food may minimize stomach upset.

Descovy (emtricitabine + tenofovir alafenamide)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 200mg emtricitabine + 25mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF). Take with or without food.

Emtriva (emtricitabine) One 200mg capsule once a day. Take with or without food.

Epivir (lamivudine) One 300mg tablet once a day, or one 150mg tablet twice a day
Take with or without food.
Epivir is also used to treat patients infected with the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), but at a different dose. If you are dually infected with HIV and HBV, the dosage indicated for HIV therapy should be used.

Epzicom (abacavir + lamivudine)
One tablet once a day. Each table contains 600mg abacavir + 300mg lamivudine.
Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who have tested negative for HLA-B*5701 (see below).


Retrovir (zidovudine) One 300mg tablet twice a day.
Take with or without food, however taking with food may minimize stomach upset.


Trizivir (abacavir + zidovudine + lamivudine)
One tablet twice a day. Each Tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine + 300mg abacavir.
Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who   have tested negative for HLA-B*5701 (see below).

Truvada (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
One tablet once a day. Each Tablet contains 300mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200mg emtricitabine. Take with or without food.


Videx EC (didanosine)
One 400mg capsule once a day.
For patients weighing less than 133 lbs. (60 kg), the dose is one 250mg capsule once a day. A powdered version of Videx, for mixing into an oral solution, is also available.
Take on an empty stomach (2 hours after or 1 hour before a meal). Videx
EC should be taken with water. It should not be taken with acidic juices,
soda, or milk. Videx EC should be taken at least two hours after or two
hours before Aptivus (tipranavir) and Reyataz (atazanavir). Avoid alcohol.

Viread (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) One 300mg tablet once a day.
Take with or without food. If Viread is taken with Videx EC (didanosine), it
can increase didanosine levels in the blood by as much as 60%, causing
increased side effects.

Zerit (stavudine)
One 40mg capsule, twice a day.
For patients weighing less tan 133 lbs. (60 kg), one 30mg capsule, twice a day. Take with or without food.

Ziagen (abacavir) One 300mg tablet twice a day, or two 300mg tablets once a day. Take with or without food.

Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)


Edurant (rilpivirine) One 25mg tablet once a day. Take with food.

Intelence (etravirine) One 200mg tablet twice a day or two 100 mg tablets twice a day. Take with food.


Rescriptor (delavirdine)
Two 200mg tablets three times a day or four 100mg tablets three times a day.
Take with or without food.

Sustiva (efavirenz) One 600mg tablet once a day, or three 200mg capsules once a day Take on an empty stomach.
Dose should be taken at bedtime to minimize dizziness, drowsiness and impaired
concentration.

Viramune and Viramune XR (nevirapine)
One 200mg Viramune IR tablet once a day for 14 days, then one 400mg Viramune XR tablet once a day Take with or without food.

Protease Inhibitors (PIs)

Aptivus (tipranavir) Two 250mg capsules plus two 100mg Norvir tablets (or capsules), twice a day.
Aptivus and Norvir should be taken with food, preferably a meal. Aptivus/Norvir should
not be taken with other protease inhibitors. If taken with Videx or Videx EC
(didanosine), Aptivus/Norvir should be taken at least two hours before or two hours
after taking ddI.

Crixivan (indinavir)
Two 400mg capsules, every 8 hours, OR two 400mg capsules with either one OR two
100mg Norvir tablets (or capsules) twice a day (preferred dosing). Without Norvir: Take on an empty stomach (no food two hours before or one hour after dosing), or with a light, low-fat snack. With Norvir: Take with or without food. Drink at least 48 ounces (six 8-oz. glasses) of water daily to prevent kidney stones.

Evotaz (atazanavir + cobicistat)
One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 300 mg Reyataz (atazanavir) + 150 mg
Tybost (cobicistat). Take with food.

Invirase (saquinavir) Two 500mg tablets plus one 100mg Norvir tablet (or capsule), twice a day Take with food, preferably a meal, or within 2 hours after a meal.

Kaletra (lopinavir + ritonovir)
Two tablets twice a day, or four tablets once a day, depending on HIV drug resistance. Each tablet contains 200 mg lopinvir and 50 mg Norvir (ritonavir).
Take with or without food.

Lexiva (fosamprenavir)
Two 700 mg tablets twice a day, or two 700 mg tablets plus one or two Norvir tablets once a day, or one 700 mg tablet plus one Norvir tablet twice a day (recommended for
individuals who have used other PIs in the past). Take with or without food.
Take with or without food.

Norvir (ritonavir)
Six 100 mg tablets twice a day. The full dose of Norvir is rarely used. It is most often used at lower doses to boost the levels of other antiretrovirals in the blood.
Take with food.

Prezcobix (darunavir + cobicistat)
One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 800 mg Prezista (darunavir) + 150 mg Tybost (cobicistat). Take with food.

Prezista (darunavir)
One 800 mg tablet (or two 400 mg tablets) plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet or 150 mg
Tybost tablet once a day OR one 600 mg tablet plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet twice a
day, depending on evidence of drug resistance.
Take with food. If taken with ddI (Videx or Videx EC),
Prezista/Norvir should be taken at least two hours before or one hour after taking ddI.

Reyataz (atazanavir)
Two 200 mg capsules once a day OR one 300 mg capsule plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet or 150 mg Tybost tablet once a day.
Take with food.

Viracept (nelfinavir)
Two 625 mg capsules twice a day OR five 250 mg capsules twice a day OR three 250 mg tablets three times a day. A power formulation is also available.
Take with food.

Entry Inhibitors

Fuzeon (enfuvirtide) One 90mg (1-ml solution) subcutaneous injection twice a day.
Take with or without food. Fuzeon comes as a white powder that must be mixed with sterile wáter in a vial each day.

Selzentry (maraviroc)
One 150mg, 300mg, or 600mg tablet, twice a day, depending on other medications used. Take with or without food.

Integrase Inhibitors

Isentress (raltegravir)
Two 600 mg (HD) tablets once a day for those who are treatment naive or whose virus has been suppressed on an initial regimen of twice-daily Isentress, or one 400 mg Tablet twice a day. Take with or without food.

Tivicay (dolutegravir)
One 50 mg tablet once a day for those starting antiretroviral therapy for the first time, or for those who have not used an integrase inhibitor in the past.
One 50 mg tablet twice a day for treatment-experienced individuals who have HIV that is resistant to other integrase inhibitors, and when taken with certain ARVs.
Take with or without food.

Vitekta (elvitegravir)
One 85 mg tablet once a day when taken with twice-daily Kaletra (lopinavir) or once-daily Reyataz (atazanavir)/Norvir (ritonavir)
One 150 mg tablet once a day when taken with twice-daily Lexiva (fosamprenavir)/Norvir (ritonavir), Prezista (darunavir)/Norvir (ritonavir) or Aptivus (tipranavir)/Norvir (ritonavir)
Take with food.

Pharmacokinetic Enhancers

Tybost (cobicistat) 150 mg once a day in combination with antiretrovirals that
require boosting Take with food.

DRUG Atripla (efavirenz + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 600mg efavirenz + 300mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200mg emtricitabine.
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take on an empty stomach. Dose should be taken at bedtime to minimize dizziness, drowsiness and impaired concentration.

DRUG Complera (rilpivirine + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
ADULT DOSING Each tablet contains 25 mg rilpivirine + 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200 mg emtricitabine.
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with a meal.

DRUG Genvoya (elvitegravir + tenofovir alafenamide + emtricitabine + cobicistat)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 150 mg elvitegravir, 150 mg cobicistat, 10
mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine.
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with food.

DRUG Juluca (dolutegravir + rilpivirine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 50mg dolutegravir + 25mg rilpivirine.
Juluca must be taken with a meal (with breakfast or dinner, for example).
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. It must be taken with a meal.

DRUG Odefsey (rilpivirine + emtricitabine + tenofovir alafenamide )
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 25 mg rilpivirine + 200mg emtricitabine + 25mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate.
DOSING INFO Take with a meal.

DRUG Stribild (elvitegravir + cobicistat + tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 150 mg elvitegravir, 150 mg cobicistat, 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine.
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with food.

DRUG Triumeq (dolutegravir + abacavir + lamivudine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 50 mg dolutegravir, 600 mg abacavir, and 300 mg lamivudine.
Triumeq alone is not recommended for people with known HIV resistance to abacavir, lamivudine or any of the approved integrase inhibitors.
DOSING INFO This is a complete one-pill, once-daily drug regimen. Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who have tested negative for HLA-B*5701 (see below).

DRUG Combivir (zidovudine + lamivudine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet twice a day. Each tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food, however taking with food may minimize stomach upset.

DRUG Descovy (emtricitabine + tenofovir alafenamide )
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 200mg emtricitabine + 25mg tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF).
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Emtriva (emtricitabine)
ADULT DOSING One 200mg capsule once a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Epivir (lamivudine)
ADULT DOSING One 300mg tablet once a day, or one 150mg tablet twice a day
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.
Epivir is also used to treat patients infected with the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), but at a different dose. If you are dually infected with HIV and HBV, the dosage indicated for HIV therapy should be used.

DRUG Epzicom (abacavir + lamivudine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each table contains 600mg abacavir + 300mg lamivudine.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who have tested negative for HLA-B*5701 (see below).

DRUG Retrovir (zidovudine)
ADULT DOSING One 300mg tablet twice a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food, however taking with food may minimize stomach upset. 


DRUG Trizivir (abacavir + zidovudine + lamivudine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet twice a day. Each tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine + 300mg abacavir.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food. Contains abacavir and should only be used by patients who have tested negative for HLA-B*5701 (see below).

DRUG Truvada (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 300mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + 200mg emtricitabine.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Videx EC (didanosine)
ADULT DOSING One 400mg capsule once a day. For patients weighing less than 133 lbs. (60 kg), the dose is one 250mg capsule once a day. A powdered version of Videx, for mixing into an oral solution, is also available.
DOSING INFO Take on an empty stomach (2 hours after or 1 hour before a meal). Videx EC should be taken with water. It should not be taken with acidic juices, soda, or milk. Videx EC should be taken at least two hours after or two hours before Aptivus (tipranavir) and Reyataz (atazanavir). Avoid alcohol.

DRUG Viread (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
ADULT DOSING One 300mg tablet once a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food. If Viread is taken with Videx EC (didanosine), it can increase didanosine levels in the blood by as much as 60%, causing increased side effects.

DRUG Zerit (stavudine)
ADULT DOSING One 40mg capsule, twice a day. For patients weighing less than 133 lbs. (60 kg), one 30mg capsule, twice a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Ziagen (abacavir)
ADULT DOSING One 300mg tablet twice a day, or two 300mg tablets once a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Edurant (rilpivirine)
ADULT DOSING One 25mg tablet once a day.
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Intelence (etravirine)
ADULT DOSING One 200mg tablet twice a day or two 100 mg tablets twice a day.
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Rescriptor (delavirdine)
ADULT DOSING Two 200mg tablets three times a day or four 100mg tablets three times a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.


DRUG Sustiva (efavirenz)
ADULT DOSING One 600mg tablet once a day, or three 200mg capsules once a day
DOSING INFO Take on an empty stomach. Dose should be taken at bedtime to minimize dizziness, drowsiness and impaired concentration.

DRUG Viramune and Viramune XR (nevirapine)
ADULT DOSING One 200mg Viramune IR tablet once a day for 14 days, then one 400mg Viramune XR tablet once a day
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Aptivus (tipranavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 250mg capsules plus two 100mg Norvir tablets (or capsules), twice a day.
DOSING INFO Aptivus and Norvir should be taken with food, preferably a meal. Aptivus/Norvir should not be taken with other protease inhibitors. If taken with Videx or Videx EC (didanosine), Aptivus/Norvir should be taken at least two hours before or two hours after taking ddI.

DRUG Crixivan (indinavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 400mg capsules, every 8 hours, OR two 400mg capsules with either one OR two 100mg Norvir tablets (or capsules) twice a day (preferred dosing).
DOSING INFO Without Norvir: Take on an empty stomach (no food two hours before or one hour after dosing), or with a light, low-fat snack.
With Norvir: Take with or without food. Drink at least 48 ounces (six 8-oz. glasses) of water daily to prevent kidney stones.

DRUG Evotaz (atazanavir + cobicistat)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 300 mg Reyataz (atazanavir) + 150 mg Tybost (cobicistat).
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Invirase (saquinavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 500mg tablets plus one 100mg Norvir tablet (or capsule), twice a day
DOSING INFO Take with food, preferably a meal, or within 2 hours after a meal.

DRUG Kaletra (lopinavir + ritonovir)
ADULT DOSING Two tablets twice a day, or four tablets once a day, depending on HIV drug resistance.
Each tablet contains 200 mg lopinvir and 50 mg Norvir (ritonavir).
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Lexiva (fosamprenavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 700 mg tablets twice a day, or two 700 mg tablets plus one or two Norvir tablets once a day, or one 700 mg tablet plus one Norvir tablet twice a day (recommended for individuals who have used other PIs in the past). Take with or without food.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Norvir (ritonavir)
ADULT DOSING Six 100 mg tablets twice a day. The full dose of Norvir is rarely used. It is most often used at lower doses to boost the levels of other antiretrovirals in the blood.
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Prezcobix (darunavir + cobicistat)
ADULT DOSING One tablet once a day. Each tablet contains 800 mg Prezista (darunavir) + 150 mg Tybost (cobicistat).
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Prezista (darunavir)
ADULT DOSING One 800 mg tablet (or two 400 mg tablets) plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet or 150 mg Tybost tablet once a day OR one 600 mg tablet plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet twice a day, depending on evidence of drug resistance.
DOSING INFO Take with food. If taken with ddI (Videx or Videx EC), Prezista/Norvir should be taken at least two hours before or one hour after taking ddI.

DRUG Reyataz (atazanavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 200 mg capsules once a day OR one 300 mg capsule plus one 100 mg Norvir tablet or 150 mg Tybost tablet once a day.
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Viracept (nelfinavir)
ADULT DOSING Two 625 mg capsules twice a day OR five 250 mg capsules twice a day OR three 250 mg tablets three times a day. A powder formulation is also available.
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Fuzeon (enfuvirtide)
ADULT DOSING One 90mg (1-ml solution) subcutaneous injection twice a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food. Fuzeon comes as a white powder that must be mixed with sterile water in a vial each day.

DRUG Selzentry (maraviroc)
ADULT DOSING One 150mg, 300mg, or 600mg tablet, twice a day, depending on other medications used.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Isentress (raltegravir)
ADULT DOSING Two 600 mg (HD) tablets once a day for those who are treatment naive or whose virus has been suppressed on an initial regimen of twice-daily Isentress, or one 400 mg tablet twice a day.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.


DRUG Tivicay (dolutegravir)
ADULT DOSING One 50 mg tablet once a day for those starting antiretroviral therapy for the first time, or for those who have not used an integrase inhibitor in the past.
One 50 mg tablet twice a day for treatment-experienced individuals who have HIV that is resistant to other integrase inhibitors, and when taken with certain ARVs.
DOSING INFO Take with or without food.

DRUG Vitekta (elvitegravir)
ADULT DOSING One 85 mg tablet once a day when taken with twice-daily Kaletra (lopinavir) or oncedaily Reyataz (atazanavir)/Norvir (ritonavir)
One 150 mg tablet once a day when taken with twice-daily Lexiva (fosamprenavir)/Norvir (ritonavir), Prezista (darunavir)/Norvir (ritonavir) or Aptivus (tipranavir)/Norvir (ritonavir)
DOSING INFO Take with food.

DRUG Tybost (cobicistat)
ADULT DOSING 150 mg once a day in combination with antiretrovirals that require boosting
DOSING INFO Take with food.


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